Samsung SSD 980 Review: Affordable NVMe PC Storage

Samsung SSD 980: High-Performance Mainstream Solid State Drives

samsung 980 angle
Although the company just recently fleshed out its flagship line of PCIe Gen 4 NVMe solid state drives with the 2TB SSD 980 Pro, Samsung is already back at it, with yet another family of drives that target a different market segment. While the Samsung SSD 980 Pro is intended for workstations types, performance enthusiasts and gamers that crave nothing but the best, the new Samsung SSD 980 drives – sans “Pro” – we’ll be showing you here today, target more mainstream computing applications.

The branding of the new Samsung SSD 980s may be reminiscent of their higher-end counterparts, but rest assured the two series of drives are quite different. Samsung SSD 980s have PCIe Gen 3 interfaces and they feature a lower-cost, DRAM-less design. Take a look at the high-level features and specifications for yourself, and then we’ll dig in a little deeper, explain what makes Samsung SSD 980 drives tick, and ultimately see how they perform...
samsung 980 straight
Samsung SSD 980 Solid State Drives
Specifications & Features

The new Samsung SSD 980 series of drives will initially be offered in three capacities, ranging from 250GB on up to 1TB. We’ve got 500GB and 1TB drives on hand for testing here.
samsung ssd 980 tops
All of the drives in the Samsung SSD 980 series have the same M.2 (2280) "gumstick" form factor, but performance varies greatly depending on the drive's total capacity. The 250GB drive is rated for 2.9GB/s reads with 1.3GB/s writes, while the larger 500GB drive features up to 3.1GB/s reads and double the write performance at up to 2.6GB/s. The 1TB drives steps things up a notch further with 3.5GB/s and 3GB/s reads and write, respectively. Random IO operations also vary depending on the capacity, though random reads and writes at QD1 are similar across the line-up, at 17K (reads) and 53-54K (writes) – it’s at QD32T16 that the drives exhibit much larger deltas.
samsung ssd 980 bottoms
All of the drives in the SSD 980 series feature Samsung’s sixth-generation 3-bit per cell 1xx-layer TLC V-NAND and a proprietary Samsung controller. The controller has a native PCIe gen 3 interface and supports the NVMe 1.4 protocol. Other details are scarce on the controller, but Samsung claims it has the same improved thermal characteristics of previous gen offerings, thanks to a nickel coating on the controller that helps to dissipate heat and the DTG (Dynamic Thermal Guard) algorithm incorporated into the firmware that helps the drives better manage long, sequential transfers and mitigate thermal saturation. Samsung claims SSD 980 drives are up to 56% better than its 970 EVO SSDs at managing thermals over long, sustained workloads.

Samsung SSD 980 drives also supports all of the features you’d expect from a modern SSD, like TRIM, garbage collection, S.M.A.R.T. health check data, etc., and they support various encryption technologies as well.
samsung ssd 980 angled 3
Something different with the Samsung SSD 980 series of drives is support for Host Memory Buffer (HMB) technology. In lieu of an integrated, dedicated DRAM cache, these drives leverage HMB, which affords them direct access to system memory. They use a portion of system memory as a buffer to improve performance, and eliminating the integrated DRAM help drives costs down.

Like its last few generations of solid state drives, the new SSD 980s feature TurboWrite 2.0 technology. TurboWrite uses a small portion of the drive’s NAND as an SLC write buffer, which translates into improved write performance, as long as the buffer isn’t exhausted.

samsung ssd 980 turbowrite capacities

The TurboWrite 2.0 buffer sizes for all of the drives in the Samsung SSD 980 family are defined in the chart above. As you can see, the total and “intelligent” capacities remain the same size on the drives, which Samsung notes are many times larger than the buffers on the 970 EVO family.

samsung 980 writes across drive

What those TurboWrite 2.0 buffer sizes mean in terms of performance, is outlined in the HDTune write results posted above. This test will write data across the entire capacity of the drive and will eventually utilize the entire buffer. On the 1TB drive, the larger Turbowrite 2.0 buffer is able to maintain peak performance until about the 600GB mark, at which point performance drops off. The 500GB drive shows similar behavior, but its performance dips at around 175GB written. TurboWrite 2.0 should allow the SSD 980 series to perform well in the vast majority of consumer-class workloads. Even those users that frequently work with large, sequential transfers aren’t likely to be moving files larger enough to exhaust the write buffers all that often.

samsung 980 bundle

Samsung SSD 980 series power consumption characteristics also vary based on capacity, but L1.2 sleep mode should be around 5mW on all of the drives, and during active reads and writes, power falls within the 3.2W – 4.6W range, with the highest capacity drives obviously using more power.

Samsung warranties the SSD 980 series drives for 5 years, which is thankfully becoming more common with consumer-class SSDs and endurance is rated at 150TBW per 250GB of capacity, which is better than most mainstream SSDs. Support for the drives has also been added to Samsung's Magician software suite and includes a new feature as well. There is a ‘Full Power Mode’ feature added to Magician v6.3, that allows the drives to maintain peak performance and not drop into deep idle state, when gaming for example.

Samsung SSD 980 Benchmarks

Under each test condition, the SSDs tested here were installed as secondary volumes in our testbed, with a separate drive used for the OS and benchmark installations. Our testbed's motherboard was updated with the latest BIOS available at the time of publication. The SSDs were secure erased prior to testing (when applicable), and left blank without partitions for some tests, while others required them to be partitioned and formatted, as is the case with the ATTO, PCMark, and CrystalDiskMark tests. Windows firewall, automatic updates, and screen savers were all disabled before testing and Windows 10 Quiet Hours / Focus Assist was enabled.

samsung ssd 980 angled
In all test runs, we rebooted the system, ensured all temp and prefetch data was purged, waited several minutes for drive activity to settle and for the system to reach an idle state before invoking a test. Also note, we have completely revamped our test bed, so the numbers shown in this evaluation aren’t comparable to previous articles. All of the drives here have also been updated to their latest firmware and where applicable.

HotHardware Test System
Maxed Out Threadripper
spec table
IOMeter
I/O Subsystem Measurement Tool
As we've noted in previous SSD articles, though IOMeter is clearly a well-respected industry standard benchmark, the fact of the matter is, though our results with IOMeter scale, it is debatable as to whether or not certain access patterns actually provide a valid example of real-world performance. The access patterns we tested may not reflect your particular workload, for example. That said, we do think IOMeter is a reliable gauge for relative throughput, latency, and bandwidth with a given storage solution. In addition, there are certain highly-strenuous workloads you can place on a drive with IOMeter, that you can't with most other storage benchmark tools. 

In the following tables, we're showing two sets of access patterns; a custom Workstation pattern, with an 8K transfer size, consisting of 80% reads (20% writes) and 80% random (20% sequential) access and a 4K access pattern with a 4K transfer size, comprised of 67% reads (33% writes) and 100% random access. Queue depths from 1 to 32 were tested...

iometer 1 samsung ssd 980



iometer 2 samsung ssd 980

The Samsung SSD 980s trailed all of the other drives we tested across the board with both of the IOMeter access patterns we tested. The 8K mixed workload tests showed the largest disparity regardless of queue depth, but in the fully random 4K test at QD1 -- which is arguably the most important metric for consumers, the Samsung 980s finish right on top of the recently-released Intel SSD 670p.

iometer 3 samsung ssd 980


iometer 4 samsung ssd 980

The actual bandwidth results with both access patterns reflect the lower IOPs, and as such, the new Samsung SSD 980s end up trailing across the board.
 
iometer 5 samsung ssd 980


iometer 6 samsung ssd 980

The latency characteristics of the Samsung SSD 980 drives also trailed the other drives we tested (lower is better here) save for the fully random 4K result at QD1 where things were tightly grouped.

SiSoft SANDRA
Synthetic Disk Benchmarking

Next we used SiSoft SANDRA, the the System ANalyzer, Diagnostic and Reporting Assistant for some quick tests. Here, we used the File System Test and provide the results from our comparison SSDs. Read and write performance metrics, along with the overall drive score, are detailed below.

sandra 1 samsung ssd 980

The new Samsung SSD 980 drives performed well in the SiSoft File System bandwidth test. Here, the 1TB Samsung SSD 980 trailed only the higher-end (much pricier) PCIe Gen 4 980 Pro. The 512GB drive ranks well overall as well, but its average write score was actually the lowest of the bunch. Its strong read performance is what pushed it up the stack.

ATTO Disk Benchmark
More Information Here: http://bit.ly/btuV6w

ATTO is another "quick and dirty" type of disk benchmark that measures transfer speeds across a specific volume length. It measures raw transfer rates for both reads and writes and graphs them out in an easily interpreted chart. We chose .5KB through 64MB transfer sizes and a queue depth of 6 over a total max volume length of 256MB. ATTO's workloads are sequential in nature and measure raw bandwidth, rather than I/O response time, access latency, etc.

atto 1 samsung ssd 980


atto 2 samsung ssd 980

The Samsung SSD 980 drives finished right about in-line with the other PCIe Gen 3 drives we tested in the ATTO read and write bandwidth tests. Neither drive hit their rated peak bandwidth, but performance was competitive nonetheless.

atto 3 samsung ssd 980


atto 4 samsung ssd 980

IO performance according to ATTO was also competitive with the Samsung SSD 980 drives. The 1TB model's increased write performance pushed it somewhat higher in the rankings, but the PCIe Gen 3 drives are all grouped tightly.

AS SSD Compression Benchmark
Bring Your Translator: http://bit.ly/aRx11n

Next up we ran the Compression Benchmark built-into AS SSD, an SSD specific benchmark being developed by Alex Intelligent Software. This test is interesting because it uses a mix of compressible and non-compressible data and outputs both Read and Write throughput of the drive. We only graphed a small fraction of the data (1% compressible, 50% compressible, and 100% compressible), but the trend is representative of the benchmark’s complete results.


as ssd 1 samsung ssd 980


as ssd 2 samsung ssd 980

The compressibility of the data being transferred across the drives has little impact on the drives' average write speeds. We should note, however, that the Samsung SSD 980s exhibited a pronounced sawtooth pattern in the write tests here, likely due to the benchmark's particular workload, but when averaged out across runs, the impact is minimal.


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