US Interior Department Grounds Entire Aerial Drone Fleet Over Chinese Spying Risk

DJI Phantom Drone
The United States Interior Department is home to one of the largest fleets of aerial drones in the US government, with more than 800 of them in the agency's employ. However, every single one of them has reportedly been grounded. They are not defective, and instead this is said to be a precautionary measure over growing tensions with China.

At issue here is that each of the drones is either made in China, or uses parts sourced from Chinese factories, according to what a "person familiar with the matter" told The Wall Street Journal. The apparent concern is one of national security—as tensions between the US and China continue to grow, it was decided to ground the drones while government officials perform a security audit of sorts.

The large fleet of drones is part of the US Department of the Interior's Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), which has employed aircraft in support of its missions for over 50 years.

"The goal of the DOI UAS program is to incorporate this new class of aircraft into DOI’s government-owned and commercially contracted aircraft fleet to support DOI missions for which UAS may be better suited than manned aircraft, achieving superior science, safety, savings," the Interior Department explains.

Drones are used for a wide range of tasks, from fighting wildfires and monitoring endangered species, to search and rescue missions and surveying erosion, to name just a few. Most of it comes to a halt, however, under the order of Interior Secretary David Bernhardt, who grounded the fleet while the department performs a review of potential security risks from Chinese drones.

Department spokesperson Nick Goodwin said there will be exceptions for emergency situations—these would include natural disasters and when lives are at risk. It's not clear if they will still be used to help fight wildfires, like the ones raging in Southern California right now.

The situation somewhat echoes what is happening with Huawei and ZTE. In this case, however, there is not an outright ban, though US Department of Homeland Security did warn in 2017 that it believes drones made by DJI are "selectively targeting government and privately owned entities within these sectors to expand its ability to collect and exploit sensitive US data."

DJI is based in Shenzhen, China, and makes more drones than any other company. In a statement provided to WSJ, the company said it is "disappointed to learn of this development," and that it has "worked with the Department of Interior to create a safe and secure drone solution that meets their rigorous requirements."
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