Pico Computing Has A $400 Computer That Cracks Veiled Enemy Transmissions
It's a modern day spy story, and there's great potential for Pico to grow monumentally. The company was founded in 2004 in Seattle, and they currently sell a "a desktop-size supercomputer aimed at the modern-day equivalent of Bletchley Park's cipher-geeks: military and government agencies that need to turn scrambled messages into actionable intelligence, along with anyone else performing similar time-sensitive, mathematically monstrous tasks." Only 15 people work there, and the purpose of these guys is to use field programmable gate arrays, or FPGAs, instead of more common chips from AMD or Intel to crack codes more quickly using precise commands.
Programming these types of chips is extremely difficult, but once they're locked in, they're extremely efficient at completing tasks. They sell machines that range in cost from $400 (barely more than a netbook!) to "hundreds of thousands of dollars." Last year the company made $200,000 in profit, and they're currently "negotiating one government contract that by itself would double sales in 2010." The company also has to be really careful about who they sell to, but there's a rigorous background check process that keeps these machines from falling into the wrong hands.
The question here is how much longer can FPGAs stick around, with typical CPUs becoming cheaper and faster. But with niche operations like this still thriving from them, maybe there's hope yet for these other arcane pieces of silicon.