Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) and Derivatives Released

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News Posted: Sun, Oct 10 2010 11:56 AM

HotHardware guest post by:  Jesse Litton

The new version of the most popular desktop Linux distribution (according to DistroWatch statistics) is now available, and as always:  completely free to use, redistribute, fold, spindle, and mutilate.  The announcement e-mail can be found here.


(Ubuntu 10.10 LiveCD)

New/updated features:

  • Linux Kernel 2.6.35
    • Improved CPU power savings and turbo support..
    • Improved GPU power management.
    • Network code optimizations (RPS/RFS) for multicore CPUs.
    • Defragmentation of working memory.
    • Virtualization improvements.
    • Direct I/O support for Btrfs file system.
    • Improved scalability (BKL eliminations).
    • Support for EDAC on Core i7 and Xeon CPUs.
    • Hundred of driver updates and additions.
  • Ubuntu:
    • The GNOME base platform has been updated to the current 2.32 versions. This particularly includes the new dconf and gsettings API.

    • Evolution was updated to the 2.30 version, which operates much faster compared to the version in Ubuntu 10.04 LTS.

    • Shotwell has replaced F-Spot as the default photo manager.

    • Gwibber has been updated to support the recent change in Twitter's authentication system, as well as changing the back end storage to improve performance.

    • The Sound Indicator has been enhanced to include music player controls.

    • The Ubuntu Software Center has an updated look and feel, including the new "Featured" and "What's New" views for showcasing applications, an improved package description view, and a "For Purchase" software category has been added. You can also now easily access your package installation history too.

    • Ubuntu One: Polished desktop integration with new sign up and sign in process. Tighter integration with Ubuntu SSO. Nautilus enhancements for managing folder sync preferences. Faster file sync speed. Share links to music within the Ubuntu One Music Store.

    • The new Unity interface is now the default in Ubuntu Netbook Edition.

(Kubuntu 10.10)

  • Kubuntu:
    • The latest KDE Software. KDE Platform, Workspaces and Applications have been updated to version 4.5.1.
    • The Desktop and Netbook images have been merged into a single image featuring both the Plasma Desktop and Plasma Netbook workspaces. The appropriate workspace for your machine will be launched at login, you can also change the workspace in System Settings.

    • Plasma Netbook now sports the Global Menu by default.

    • The new KDE bluetooth application collection Bluedevil is now installed by default.

    • Pulseaudio is the default sound server to match other Ubuntu variants.

    • KPackageKit updates bring a faster backend and an updated UI that provides a new Categories page, and new features such as a backup/restore tool for the list of installed packages.

    • Kubuntu's installer (Ubiquity) now has an updated look and layout. Install starts after partitioning making it a quicker experience.

    • Qapt-batch now replaces install-package as the update/batch-installer utility

    • Qt 4.7 support.

    • Qt Webkit 2.0 (open source web browser engine) support.
  • Xubuntu:
    • Xfce4 was updated to the current 4.6.2 release. This fixes many of the bugs and updates the programs used in Xubuntu.

    • New default applications: Parole (Xfce4 Media Player) replaced Totem Movie Player, Xfburn (Xfce4 CD/DVD burning tool) replaced Brassero, and xfce4-taskmanager (Xfce4 process manager) replaced Gnome-Task-Manager.
  • Edubuntu:

    • In addition to all the sames changes as Ubuntu, Edubuntu now includes Gnome Nanny.  Gnome Nanny provides parental controls in Edubuntu. There is new wallpaper included ( periodic table breakout). Also, OEM Install mode is now available.

For those looking to give Ubuntu a try, you can download and run the OS via the LiveCD without installing or writing anything to your hard drive.  Should you decide to install, the LiveCD's installer application will allow you to resize any existing OS partitions and install into the freed space - allowing you the option to reboot back into your previous OS at any time. (Remember to backup your system first!  Better safe than sorry!)

While I highly recommend the Kubuntu variant, each of the related distributions are worthy of investigation.  If you're totally confused about the differences, as is the lot of anyone new to Linux, here's a simple and completely over-generalized system for you to follow:

Think of Ubuntu with its Gnome desktop (powered by the GTK+ libraries) like a Mac:  more intuitive and clean, with fewer options to confuse.

Think of Kubuntu with its KDE desktop (running on the Qt libraries) like a Windows machine:  more options, but possibly less intuitive to new users.

Meanwhile, Xubuntu uses the XFCE desktop, which has a lighter footprint and may perform better on older or very limited hardware.

And finally, Edubuntu is a version similar to mainstream Ubuntu, but aimed towards educational institutions.

If you're still unsure of which desktop would be best for you, don't fret about it too much:  Nothing prevents you from installing multiple desktops, and any Linux application can be run on any desktop, regardless of the underlying libraries they use.

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3vi1 replied on Sun, Oct 10 2010 12:28 PM

BTW, if you want to use these inside of VirtualBox 3.2.8 you will want to grab a newer guest additions ISO (http://www.virtualbox.org/download/testcase/VBoxGuestAdditions_3.2.9-66155.iso) which supports acceleration with X.org 1.9. Otherwise you'll find yourself restricted to an 800x600 display.

During the installation of the VirtualBox guest additions, the screen may go wonky, but you can fix that by using RightCtrl+F1 to switch to tty1 and then RightCtrl+F7 to jump back to the desktop. It's a known issue and will be fixed in the final VirtualBox 3.2.10 release.

What part of "Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn" don't you understand?

++++++++++++[>++++>+++++++++>+++>+<<<<-]>+++.>++++++++++.-------------.+++.>---.>--.

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3vi1 replied on Sun, Oct 10 2010 2:25 PM

OMG! UBUNTU! has another great article that you might want to check out after this: "10 things to do after installing Ubuntu 10.10": http://www.omgubuntu.co.uk/2010/10/10-things-to-do-after-installing-ubuntu-10-10-maverick-meerkat/

What part of "Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn" don't you understand?

++++++++++++[>++++>+++++++++>+++>+<<<<-]>+++.>++++++++++.-------------.+++.>---.>--.

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3vi1 replied on Sun, Oct 10 2010 2:34 PM

One final thing that I learned while watching LAS this week. I had never heard of this site before, but it looks prety cool: http://www.ubuntugamer.com/

What part of "Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn" don't you understand?

++++++++++++[>++++>+++++++++>+++>+<<<<-]>+++.>++++++++++.-------------.+++.>---.>--.

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realneil replied on Sun, Oct 10 2010 8:11 PM

My copy of the beta will just update itself to this full version when I turn that PC on right?

Ubuntu's update service is so much smoother than Microsoft's efforts that there's no comparison.

Dogs are great judges of character, and if your dog doesn't like somebody being around, you shouldn't trust them.

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3vi1 replied on Sun, Oct 10 2010 8:37 PM

Yes. If you're running an earlier version, it should update itself when you go online.

What part of "Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn" don't you understand?

++++++++++++[>++++>+++++++++>+++>+<<<<-]>+++.>++++++++++.-------------.+++.>---.>--.

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mhenriday replied on Mon, Oct 11 2010 4:10 AM

Realneil, if it doesn't update or you don't get a message to the effect that updates are available (depending upon the manner in which you've configured notification), just click «System» → «Administration» → «Update Manager» to check....

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Yeah real beta will just update. I'm going to give the Kubuntu netbook a try later today. Running Ubuntu and Lubuntu installs right now.

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rapid1 replied on Mon, Oct 11 2010 9:29 AM

Opening Kubuntu installer in WUBI as we speak!

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Finished a clean install of Kubuntu on my netbook. Taking a little getting used to because I never use KDE, but so far so good.

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3vi1 replied on Mon, Oct 11 2010 5:30 PM

WUBI's okay. It definitely makes it easy to try without resizing your Windows partition. However, it will have a slight performance penalty as it runs Linux via a virtual disk inside of NTFS.

What part of "Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn" don't you understand?

++++++++++++[>++++>+++++++++>+++>+<<<<-]>+++.>++++++++++.-------------.+++.>---.>--.

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3vi1:

WUBI's okay. It definitely makes it easy to try without resizing your Windows partition. However, it will have a slight performance penalty as it runs Linux via a virtual disk inside of NTFS.

The performance difference has never really bothered me that much. The 30GB limit does though. Once I get steam installed that space is gone in a heartbeat.

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rapid1 replied on Tue, Oct 12 2010 5:30 PM

I have the standard version of Ubuntu running now. I tried the Kubuntu version first, but could not get it stable. SO I settled for Ubuntu for now, I will try to get Kubuntu up again later as I like it better personally although the accomplish the same things.

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rapid1 replied on Tue, Oct 12 2010 5:31 PM

rofl it is not in a virtual it is on it's own separate physical hard drive you just have to tell WUBI what to do in an authoritative fashion.

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3vi1 replied on Wed, Oct 13 2010 8:09 AM

Ah. Wubi didn't have that feature last time I tried it, but it was pretty new back then.

What part of "Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn" don't you understand?

++++++++++++[>++++>+++++++++>+++>+<<<<-]>+++.>++++++++++.-------------.+++.>---.>--.

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3vi1 replied on Wed, Oct 13 2010 8:22 AM

>> The performance difference has never really bothered me that much. The 30GB limit does though.

As I was saying to Rapid1, I haven't used Wubi in a long time, but this seems like something that might be easily solved by creating additional virtual disks in Wubi and adding them to your fstab (or via the system setting gui). There's probably a guide online somewhere.

Another option might be to add 'exec' to the end of the mount options in your fstab line for the host NTFS partition. I think that should allow you to successfully run the same Steam directory from both Windows and Linux/Wine, though I don't run it that way myself.

What part of "Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn" don't you understand?

++++++++++++[>++++>+++++++++>+++>+<<<<-]>+++.>++++++++++.-------------.+++.>---.>--.

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